The Present Education System
The goals of education of Vietnam is to train the all-round Vietnamese with morals, knowledge, physical health, aesthetic sense and profession, loyal to the ideology of national independence and socialism; to shape and cultivate one’s personality, quality and ability, satisfying the demands of building and defending the Fatherland.
The national educational system comprises:
- Infant education composed of creches and pre-school education;
- General education comprises two educational levels: primary education and secondary education; the secondary education comprises two grades, basic secondary education and general secondary education;
- Vocational education comprises vocational secondary education and job training secondary education;
- Higher education trains two degrees, college and university degrees; post university education has two levels, master’s degree and doctorate.
The forms of education comprises form
The infant education comprises:
- Creche and group of baby sitters to care for children from three months to three years old;
- Infant school and infant class admitting children from three to six years old;
- “Young bud” school is an educational establishment combining creche and infant school admitting children from three months to six years old.
The general education comprises
- Primary education is the compulsory level of education for all children from six to fourteen years old; it is conducted in five school-years from the first to the fifth form. The age of pupils admitted to the first form is six years;
- Basic secondary education is conducted in four school years from the sixth to the ninth form. Pupils admitted to the sixth form must have the graduation certificate of primary education and be eleven years old;
- General secondary education is conducted in three school-years from the tenth to twelfth form. Pupils admitted to the tenth form must have the graduation certificate of basic secondary education and be fifteen years old.
Job education comprises
- Vocational secondary education is conducted from three to four years for learners having the graduation diploma of basic secondary education, from one to two years for those having the diploma of general secondary education;
- Job training reserved for those having a cultural standard and health condition suited to the job they need to be trained in. It is carried out for less than one year for the short-term job training programs and from one to three years for the long term job training programs.
University and post-university education comprise
- College degree training is conducted in three years for persons having diplomas of general secondary education or diplomas of vocational secondary education;
- University training is conducted in from four to six years depending on the trades and jobs for those having the diploma of general secondary education or diploma of vocational secondary education and from one to two years for those having college diplomas of the same branch.
- Master’s degree training is conducted in two years for persons having university diplomas;
- Doctor degree training is conducted in four years for persons having university diplomas, from two to three years for persons having master diplomas. In special cases, the time for training the doctorate may be extended as prescribed by the Ministry of Education and Training;
The Non-formal education
- Non-formal education is the mode of education to help everyone to work and learn at the same time and to learn continually all the life aimed at perfecting their personality, broadening their knowledge, elevating their cultural, specialization and professional standard in order to improve the quality of life, find a job and adapt to social life.
- Establishments of non-formal education
- Permanent education centers;
- Non-formal education is also carried out at the general education and vocational secondary schools, job training centers, colleges and universities, and through the mass media.