11.04.04 – Photovoltaics and Solar Energy Technology
Students get knowledge of underlying physical principals and material science aspects of photovoltaics, technology and metrology of solar modules, equipment, design, and maintenance of solar power plants.
|Language of instructions:||English|
|Graduating Faculty||Faculty of Electronics|
|Number of students:||10-15|
|Program:||120 ECTS credits, full-time Master’s Degree (2 years)|
|Eligibility:||Candidates must hold previous degree in engineering area|
|Academic year includes:||2 semesters beginning on 1st September and 1st February|
|Holidays:||Winter holidays - 2 weeks (January); Summer holidays - 2 months (July, August)|
|Master’s Thesis defense:||June|
About the program
The main characteristic of human activity at the beginning of the XXI century is a rapid growth of energy consumption. As one of the most promising environment-friendly renewable energy sources should be recognized solar energy which provides direct conversion of the solar energy into electrical energy. Over the past 20-30 years, the average growth rate of solar power engineering has been of about 30%. Such an intensive growth is due both to production expansion and to development of new structures and working principles of photoelectric converters.
Master’s degree program «Photovoltaics and Solar Energy Technology» is focused on current achievements in the field of renewable energy sources and photovoltaics. Students get knowledge of underlying physical principles and material science aspects of photovoltaics, technology and metrology of solar modules, equipment, design and maintenance of solar power plants. Special attention is dedicated to silicon photovoltaics, including the most efficient HIT structures. Students have access to the most modern and sophisticated technological and metrological equipment, carry out scientific research and get skills of practical work with real metrological instruments and technological apparatuses.
In 2015 program successfully underwent independent assessment and was awarded EUR-ACE® label by ENAEE – European Network for Accreditation of Engineering Education.
The program is offered by the Department of Photonics. Department of Photonics was established in 1931 and it is one of the oldest and the most renowned departments in the University. The research activity of the Department is focused on pioneering research in the fields of Electronics and Photonics. In the last few decades research and academic activity were focused mainly on laser technology, photovoltaics and solar energy technology.
Many outstanding Russian scientists and engineers have graduated from the Department of Photonics for the last decades. The most renowned of the Department’s alumnus is the laureate of the Nobel Prize in Physics (2000) Prof. Zhores Alferov
Master’s degree program «Photovoltaics and Solar Energy Technology» consists of advanced professional studies, elective courses and requires Master’s Thesis preparation. Program curriculum includes fundamental, special and general education courses.
International Academic Mobility
The academic exchange opportunities are available for Master's degree students at following partner Universities:
- University of Technology of Troyes
- Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg
- JAMK University of Applied Sciences
- Brandenburg University of Technology
- Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics
- Université de Franche-Comté
- Gabriele Ferrini, PhD, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Italy);
- Marilena Ricci, PhD, Università degli Studi di Firenze (Italy);
- Maurizio Becucci, PhD, Università degli Studi di Firenze (Italy);
- Thomas Maurer, PhD, University of Technology of Troyes (France);
- Stefan Palis, PhD, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg (Germany);
- Rafael Jiménez Castañeda, PhD, University of Cadiz (Spain);
- María Rocío Rodriguez-Barroso, PhD, University of Cadiz (Spain);
- Gabriel Bilmes, PhD, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (Argentina).
- Renewable Energy Sources (5 ECTS)
Course «Renewable energy sources» is one of the basic courses of the Master's degree program. Course considers questions of physics and technologies of solar modules. Course «Renewable energy sources» includes the study of the physical foundations of photovoltaic solar energy converters, characteristics of the materials used for their production, principles of modeling of solar cells, advanced production technologies aimed at improving the efficiency of solar energy converters.
- Solar Energy Materials (4 ECTS)
Course «Solar energy materials» includes main branches of Condensed Matter Physics and Solid State Optics. The main points of the theory of electronic spectra of solids are discussed, along with the basics of the theory of radiation interaction with matter. The light absorption and other physical phenomena which determine the optical properties of crystalline and disordered semiconductors are considered. Special attention is paid to physical interpretation of studied phenomena, theoretical description and the most important experimental facts.
- Micro- and Nanotechnology Processes (4ECTS)
Course «Micro- and nanotechnology processes» considers materials deposition, etching and modifying methods at micro- and nanolevel which used in solid state electronics and integrated circuit components forming. Base processes and equipment used in conventional microtechnology and specific processes, permissive to form structures on molecular level and based on selforganization, selectivity, anisotropy abilities and matrices principle are studied.
- Opto-physical Methods of Investigation of Solar Energy Materials (3 ECTS)
The course «Opto-physical methods of investigation of solar energy materials» covers basic optical and spectroscopic methods, techniques and equipment such as light photometry, UV/V spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Raman spectroscopy, ellipsometry and interferometry, which are widely used in the diagnostics of materials and thin film structures of solar photovoltaics. The course also includes an introductory part dedicated to the fundamentals of geometrical and wave optics, laboratory workshops and seminars.
- Diagnostics of Solar Energy Materials and Structures (5 ECTS)
Course «Diagnostics of solar energy materials and structures» is devoted to modern techniques and methods of diagnostics and characterization of materials and structures in microelectronics and photovoltaics. The main techniques used within the microelectronics and photovoltaics are explained. In particular, the subject is focused on the most widely used techniques such as charge-based and probe methods, as well as chemical and physical methods.
- Metrology of Solar Cells and Modules (3 ECTS)
Course «Metrology of solar cells and modules» considers the following subjects: «Sunlight, its characteristics» where the sunlight characteristics and methods of indoor light parameters modeling, also a quality monitoring of parameters of sunlight will be considered. «Reference solar cells and their design». The section is devoted to design of reference solar cells, ways of their calibration. «Spectral characteristics of solar cells». In the given section techniques and the equipment for spectral characteristics measurement of thin-film solar cells, including multijunction cells are presented. «Current-voltage characteristics of solar cells». The section acquaints with techniques and the equipment for measurement of the current-voltage characteristics of solar cells and solar modules, as well as specific features of tandem thin-film solar cells modules current-voltage characteristics. «The photoinduced degradation of solar cells». The section acquaints with problems of the photoinduced degradation of thin-film solar cells and its characterization methods.
- Technology of Solar Cells and Modules (4 ECTS)
Course «Technology of solar cells and modules» covers the following questions: Prospects of solar energy. Classification of the photoelectric converters of solar energy. Basics of silicon thin-film solar modules production. Main steps of silicon micromorph solar modules production. Quality of gases and materials used for silicon micromorph solar modules production. Basic procedures of fabrication of micromorph silicon solar modules. Substrate choice and preparation procedure. Deposition process of transparent conductive ZnO layer. Laser scribing. Deposition of photoactive absorbing amorphous and microcrystalline hydrogenated silicon layers. Back-end process: contacts application, edge isolation, lamination process, junction box assembly. Main trends of research for thin-film silicon photoelectric solar energy converters. Production lines for silicon based thin film solar modules. High-tech equipment used in silicon based thin film solar modules production.
- Equipment and Automation of Solar Power Stations (4 ECTS)
Course «Equipment and automation of solar power stations» is devoted to studying of the equipment of solar power stations. Photovoltaic modules only represent the basic element of a solar power system. They work only in conjunction with complementary components, such as batteries, inverters, and transformers. Power distribution panels and metering complete the energy conversion process. In the course the characteristics of the equipment of solar power stations are discussed in details.
- Laser Technologies and Processing in Manufacturing of Solar Modules (4 ECTS)
Course «Laser technologies and processing in manufacturing of solar modules» contains information on physical fundamentals of laser technologies and architecture of industrial lasers. The requirements for lasers for microprocessing of materials are analyzed. Their main output parameters and features of operation are given. Case studies on applications of lasers for industrial processing of materials (mainly in microelectronics) are described. Separated part is dedicated to use of lasers in manufacturing the thin-film solar panels.
General education courses
- Microprocessor Technology (4 ECTS)
Course «Microprocessor technology» is dedicated to learning of the modern microprocessor families, microcontroller devices construction principles, microprocessor devices programming. During studying students get knowledge about components of the microprocessor systems; learn how to use cross-compilers for the software development in C programming language. Laboratory bench including modern high-efficiency ARM microcontroller and various input/output peripherals is used in the course lessons and laboratory practice.
- Computer Technology and Simulation in Electronics (4 ECTS)
Course «Computer Technology and Simulation in Electronics» is devoted to the study and practical application of computer technologies in the field of electronics. Elements of numerical simulation of micro- and nanoelectronic devices. This section discusses the features of solutions of systems of differential equations describing the operation of micro- and nanoelectronic devices. We consider the drift-diffusion and hydrodynamic model. The features of the numerical solution of one-dimensional problems on the basis of MathCAD (MathLAB). Features two-dimensional solutions of problems are considered on the basis of a package FlexPDE and Synopsys. Basics of programming, acquisition and processing of experimental data. Organization software in the form of problem-oriented software packages. The concept of virtual instruments. LabVIEW - a graphical programming system. Programming systems for collecting information. Programming of information processing systems (elements of digital signal filtering, etc.). Organization of distributed software and hardware systems.
- Problems of Modern Electronics (4 ECTS)
Course «Problems of modern electronics» is dedicated to introduction of the latest trends and achievements in various promising fields of electronics. Studying of the course is reinforced by practical exercises aimed at acquiring the appropriate skills for formulating and solving problems when creating new components and technologies for nanoelectronics. As a result, students should be able to formulate goals of scientific research and technological development. This course provides a framework for a qualified activity of the graduates in the development of the field of nanotechnology and hardware components of nanoelectronics.
Konoplev Georgiy Asadovich
Pukhova Valentina Mikhailovna
Bobyl Alexander Vasilyevich
Bobyl Alexander Vasilyevich is a specialist in the field of semiconductor physics and photovoltaics, leading researcher at the laboratory of Physical and Chemical Properties of Semiconductors at Ioffe Institute, and visiting professor of Oslo University (Faculty of mathematics and natural sciences, Norwegian Center of Excellence PGP). In 2018 he was awarded the Government Prize of the Russian Federation in the field of science and technology for the creation, industrial development and commercialization of technologies for creating high-performance silicon photovoltaic modules and technologies for building solar power plants in Russian regions (order №2827-p December 18, 2018).
Kamanina Natalia Vladimirovna
Kamanina Natalia Vladimirovna is a specialist in the field of optics and nonlinear optics of condensed matter, head of the Department "Photophysics of Environments with Nanoobjects" at State Optical Institute named after S.I.Vavilov.
Gudovskikh Alexander Sergeevich
Gudovskikh Alexander Sergeevich is a specialist in the field of photovoltaics, leading researcher of the Renewable Energy Laboratory at St. Petersburg National Research Academic University.
Parfenov Vadim Aleksandrovich
Korolev Vitaly Vyacheslavovich
Redka Dmitry Nikolaevich
Terukova Ekaterina Eugenievna
Nikitin Andrey Alexandrovich
Education and research facilities
Students of the Master's program have the opportunity to carry on laboratory workshops and research at laboratories of University's partners:
Research and development center for thin-film technologies in energetics (R&D CENTER TFTE) was founded in December 2010 and its operation officially started in February 2012. TFTE is a R&D unit of Hevel Solar company, which is a breakthrough project organized in 2009 to develop photovoltaic industry in Russia. The company provides end-to-end alternative energy services starting from design and production of PV modules ending up with integration and operation of PV systems as a sustainable alternative to conventional sources of electricity. The main project of Hevel Solar is construction of plant located in Novocheboksarsk (Chuvash Republic, Russia) for production of 100 MW PV modules using micromorph technology from Oerlikon Solar.
One of the partners of R&D center is Skolkovo Foundation, which granted R&D center set of laboratory equipment needed for extended characterization of properties of thin films and device structures.
Main purpose of TFTE is futher development of micromorph technology. Research and development accomplished by TFTE is intended to increase efficiency of Hevel Solar’s PV modules and reduce production costs.
The Ioffe Institute is one of Russia’s largest institutions for research in physics and technology with a wide variety of operating projects. It was founded in 1918 and run for several decades by Abram F. Ioffe.
|Mon.-Fri.: 10:00-17:00 (admission 10:00-16:30)|
|197376, Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, Professora Popova str., 5, building 3, 4th floor (room 3418)|
|+7 (812) 234-35-53|
|International students' group|